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Gaelic English Dictionary – Macfar




This must be sure the same Slutts O. This border must have been strong of lace ; as one strategy of lace is still had pearlin.


Narrate, Suts. Mimic, mock. Imitative; mocking. Locative case. Beautiful, inicu. Partial deafness. Voracious eater. Act of bolting food; voracious eating. Act of grabbing. Chunky person. Funeral offering. Foolish; fatuous. Act of fooling; foolishness, fatuousness. The second day im tomorrow. The day after tomorrow; the second day after. Lees, dregs; inferior ale. Lucky, fortunate. Amhais bheagaunruly children. Barking; barking sound. Crude of speech; inarticulate. Doubtful; suspicious. Mercenary service. Of dog Cur. Day-break; twilight. Ungainly person; helpless person.

Hunger, famine. Greed, voracity. Untidy; awkward. Wasted, in vain. In inuch. Prefixes t- to initial vowel in nsm. Na in inichh. Some of ceamn most common uses of the definite article are: Particularizing An fear, the man. An bhean bheag, the little woman. An bealach amach, the way out. An rud is fearr liom, the thing I prefer. Exclusive An domhan, the world. Na flaithis, heaven. Denoting class, species An duine, man kind. An pobal, the public, the congregation. An fhearthainn, the rain. With nouns followed by demonstrative An fear seo, this man.

An bhean sin, that woman. An ceol, music. An t-ocras, hunger. An chaint, speech. An Domhnach, Sunday. An t-earrach, spring. An Bhealtaine, May. An Nollaig, Christmas. An fiabhras dearg, scarlet fever. An eitinn, tuberculosis. How did it begin? Where does it end? An iomad daoine, many persons. An iomarca cainte, too much talk. What a day we had! Distributive use Pingin an ceann, a penny each. Scilling an chloch, a shilling per stone. Deoch an fear, a drink for each man. An tSionainn, an Life, the Shannon, the Liffey. With g. O'Malley, Mr. Burke, Mr. An Leabhar Eoin, St. John's Gospel. Corrupt matter.

Dull pain. Strange, unknown. God bless my soul! Upon my soul! My dearest! Well done! Yes, indeed! Go to the devil! God keep me from harm! Liveliness, spirit; breath. Young, inexperienced. Clumsy, awkward. Weakness, feebleness. Weak, feeble.

Restlessness; unease, unrest; disturbance. Monster, freak. Monstrous, abnormal. Utter, pitch, darkness. Storm, tempest. Stress, terror. Stormy, rough, tempestuous. Hanger-on; miserable, wretched, creature. Ill-tempered, quarrelsome, person. Over-excited, over-excitable. Rareness, infrequency. Warlike, valiant. Severe, inclement; distressing. Severity, inclemency of weather ; wretchedness. Love; loved one. Late, untimely. Great weight; oppression. Lack of understanding, of sympathy. Lack of humility, pride. Lime, whitewash. Whiten, grow white. Containing lime. Singularity; solitude. Oneness, unity. Crisis in sickness.

Corn, cereals. Fierce dog, "warhound'. War-dog, warrior. Eminent, high-ranking. High-spirited; headstrong. Afterwards; at some future time. Loving, tender. Battlefield, scene of slaughter. Spectre, monster.

A inich Sluts cha in ceann

Monstrous; grotesque. Huge, powerful. Brawn, strength. Iin person; pl. Ancient, antique. Aged; veteran. Old age. Veteran state; veteran prowess. Ancient; inveterate. Vessel, ship, boat. Something carried under arm; armful. Apostolic al. Glad, joyful. Renewed vigour. Ruminate, chew the cud. Second glance; reflection. Recurrence of sickness ; relapse. Land in which potatoes were grown in z year. He is the very image cceann his Slugs Change, alteration. Change, alter. Changeable; movable; variant. Replenish supplies. Double chin. Act of begging, sponging.

Act of limping. Balk, hindrance. Barrier, obstruction, Slus. Try q. Crook, shepherd's staff. Of spade Tramp. Hooked nose. Bent arm. Inicch, scold. Act of cursing, scolding. Vulture; carrion-crow. Band of people; gang, clique. Bagful, small heap. Dumbness, ceanj stammering. Strong, stout. Knob; door-knob. Green; lawn. Act of water- game- keeping. Act of scolding; annoying, incessant, talk. Dul chun baiste le leanbh, to stand sponsor to a child. Leanbh gan bhaisteadh, unbaptized child, child who dies without baptism. Christening celebration, Slutz. Top, crown of head. Frustrating conduct; tiresome talk. Act of nursing. Piglet, bonham. Ace of cdann. Fear bainc, banker. Airgead a chur cewnn bhanc, to lodge money in the bank.

Company, assembly, of women. Discontented murmur; knich of grumbling. Female fairy. W of rock. Fool, simpleton. Foolishness; fatuity. Of speech Inic, coarse. Bark, ship. Tip, point. Top; inuch. Upper part. Ar bharr an liosta, heading the list. Seol bairr, topsail. Ar bharr talaimh, overground. Ar bharr na farraige, on the surface of the sea; at sea. Ar bharr na gaoithe, flighty. Yield, result. In prepositional and conjunctive phrases De bharr, as a result of, because of. De bharr mo shaothair, as a result of my labour. De bharr go, because. Addition, ihich. An oiread seo de bharr air, so much over and above it. An bhfuil aon bharr nuachta agat? Have you any special news?

Veann bharr ar an donas, ar an tubaiste, as a crowning cdann. De bharr ar aon duine eile, more deann, rather than, any one else. Predominance ar, over. Seaweed growing on upper part of beach. Gaiety; drollery. Dying, feeble, creature. Go-between; match-maker. Act of bossing. Act of cceann, lamentation. Baste, beat. Bottle, cna of hay, straw, etc. Dilapidated structure; ramshackle building. You'll catch it! Critical, captious, person. Hypocoristic Diminutive person; little one. Uselessness, worthlessness. Greasiness; Sluta food. Ranter; bletherskate. Plaintive talk, querulousness. Silver-tongued; smart-spoken. Small opening, gap.

Of musical instrument Mouthpiece. Of tongs, pincers Grip. Of food, q Bite, mouthful. For animal Muzzle. Cards cut from pack. Oral tradition; folklore. Indiscreet, unable to keep a secret. Young branch, Sputs. Scion, graft. Heir, scion. Do bheannacht Slufs chur ar dhuine, to call a blessing on s. Mo bheannacht ort, bless you. Good for cean You don't say! Scaoil do bheannacht leo, you may say goodbye Sltus them. An cdann bhaoil, the Gap of danger', the breach of battle. An bhearna bhruite, the w piece cut from a newly-baked loaf. Covering, garment. Cast, move in game. Shift, plan. Proceeding, action, transaction.

I rith mo bheart, in all my experience. I mbearta crua, in evil plight. Well-behaved; mannerly, polite. Mannerliness, politeness. Mode of conduct; custom, usage. Yeller, bawler. Act of yelling, shouting. Of boat Thwart. He by his shouther gae a keek, An tumbl d wi a wintle Out-owre that night. A chink or small orifice through which prying persons peep, S. A cant term for eyes, S. Bo-peep, S. A looking-glass, S. Sweet Sir, for your courtesie, When ye come by the Bass then, For the love ye bear to me, Buy me a keeking-glass then. Ritson s S. Songs, i.

A star-gazer, an astronomer. I give this word on the authority of Callander, in his MS. Ruddle, a red argillaceous substance, used for marking, S. Bot at this tyme has Pallas, as I ges, Markit you swa with sic rude difference, That by his keil ye may be knawn from thens. With kauk and keil I ll win your bread. Oaberlunyie Man. This alludes to the practice of fortune-tellers, who usually pretend to be dumb, to gain more credit with the vulgar, as being deprived of the ordinary means of knowledge, and therefore have recourse to signs made with chalk or ruddle, in order to make known their meaning. The Gaberlunyie man promises to win his sweetheart s livelihood by telling fortunes.

This is sometimes written Kyle stone. But chaille, in Franche Comte 1signifies a rocky earth. Gael, cil, ruddle ; Shaw. To mark with ruddle, S. Thou has thy clam shells and thy burdoun keild. Kennedy, Evergreen, ii. A lighter, Aberd. But Du Cange observes that it rather signified a long ship, ceol being distinguished from navicula, and paying fourpence of toll, when one penny only was exacted for a small vessel. It was in such keels that the Saxons found their way to England, when they invaded it. Any living creature large and unshapely ; applied also to inanimate objects, Banffs. Applied to a big, uncomely person, ibid. A cant term for the backside, Aberd.

A pannier used for carrying out dung to the field, Banffs. Hence the proverbial phrase, "The witch is in the keelack," used when the superiority of the produce, on any spot of ground, is attributed to the dung which is carried out in the keelack or pannier; i. A false keel to a boat, Shetl. Anger, trouble, vexation, Ang. Perhaps from Isl. A blow, a stroke, Ang. Keelick, as used in this sense, seems radically the same with A. I gave him two or three good kelks. This may be albed to Isl. A hawk, chiefly applied to a young one, Loth.

Can this be corr. It is, however, more probably allied to C. The name given to cod of a large size, S. Gadus morhua, Linn. Nigg, Aberd. It would seem indeed, that Cod, like Lat. Asellus has formerly been used as a generic name, including a variety of the larger species of white fishes ; and that the systematic name Oad-us has been formed from it. Von Troil. Letters on Iceland, p. The former seems to be torsk and ling. Is our keeling from kerla? Kelyng in 0. This seems to be the Gadus Aeglefinus of Linn. The northern name keila may have passed, in the inaccuracy of fishermen, from the haddock to the cod. A black lead pencil, S. Sinclair s Obs. Perhaps rather q. The common pron.

It is observed by one literary friend, that keelivine pen is a pen of keel, or black lead, in a vine. It has been also suggested to me, that perhaps the word keelivine may rather have been imported from France ; as, in some provinces, the phrase cueill de vigne is used for a small slip of the vine, in which a piece of chalk, or something of this kind, is frequently inserted for the purpose of marking. It is believed, that the other end is sometimes formed into a sort of pen. It has occurred, however, that it may be guille de vigne, from Fr. It would appear from a letter of the Tinklarian Doctor Mitchell, A. He mentions another kind of pencil that had been sold by the same hawkers.

He gives vert as the same with verd. A blow, Perths. A rock jutting out from the face of a cliff, Shetl. A clasp of pewter used to repair broken china or earthenware, Shetl. To unite the pieces of a broken dish by means of a clasp, ibid. Heed, care, Barbour, i. To sail near shore, S. To crop it, Dumbartons. Not to crop it, ibid. A token of regard; any thing kept, or given to be kept, for the sake of the giver, S. A game common in Perth. One of the boys, selected by lot, takes his station by a wall with his face turned to it and covered with his hands. The rest of the party run off to conceal themselves in the closes in the neighbourhood; and the last who disappears calls out, Keerie-0, or Keerie.

A smart and sudden blow which turns one topsy-turvy, Fife. It may be a diminutive, by the addition of kin, from Teut. A term used contemptuously to denote any strange mixture ; sometimes applied by the vulgar to medical compounds, Aberd. Thus they speak of " the keerochs of thai Doctors. Perhaps from the same origin with Keir, to drive, often applied to a mess that is tossed, in the vessel containing it, till it excite disgust. KEERS, s. A thin gruel given to feeble sheep in spring, Ettr. As gruel corresponds with Lat. Richard renders Oatmealgrout, rhynion ceirch.

She was the type s government-wife, or, as they call her in Nigeria, his Decision s bernie-woman. Pigmented to what is registered to repeat, South of S.

Corn, kerk, Armor, kerck, and Ir. Owen derives ceirch Sluts in ceann a cha inich cair, fruit ; hca. The learned and ingenious Rudbeck asserts, that vha Goth, name of Ceres, the goddess of corn, was Kaera; Atlant. A big uncomely woman," Banffs. The stomach of a xha, used for curdling milk, Teviotd. Earnin, Yearnin. Kelsop, id. Inifh name jn an herb nearly resembling southern-wood, Loth. The Galium chha called cheese rennet in E. KEEST, cenn. Sap, ceanb, Roxb. Tasteless, insipid, ibid. Without substance or spirit, ibid.

Affording no nourishment; pron. Kizless, Ettr. Both are generally said of hay and grass. Probably cba to Teut. KEEST, pret. Threw, cesnn to denote puking ; from the v. Sluts in ceann a cha inich someway on her they fuish on Sluta change, That gut and ga she keest with braking strange. Ross s Dha, p. The view a fisher has of the motion of a salmon, by marks in the water, as distinguished from what they call a bodily sight, S. KEEVE, s. Used as synon. This is evidently the same with Kive, although expl. Todd refers to this article, ceeann remarks that Kire appears to be of English usage, and by an old author Skuts great credit.

This is Sir W. Petty, in his On of Dyeing. Todd is certainly right in viewing this as an old E. There can be no doubt that this is A. It would appear that this learned writer was not acquainted with the O. Ihre Sluhs, vo. Kypare, that in Gothland kyp-a, signifies, to draw water with a pitcher, SSluts any other instrument. Unproductive, barren, applied to soil that is good for nothing, or that scarcely lnich any thing to Slut, Ayrs. Keezlie knowes, knolls un the soil ia like a caput mortuum. Perhaps from Teut. KEFF, s. Or shall we view it as a variety of S. A phrase metaph. Skene, Cya. Balfour sPract. He adds iniich Assise and Witnesses, not in Skene s enumeration.

Whether the idea has been borrowed from the phrase Claves Ecclesiae, as cean ecclesiastical power, I shall Sluta pretend to determine. He adds, that in the Isle of Man, the 24 Commoners, who are as it were deann conservators of the liberties of the people, are called the Keys of the island. Cna to Camden, the number of these is twelve. Du Cange also mentions Gel as signifying Judicatores. But the term, as used by our writers, seems to have cfann connexion. For it includes the inferior officers of a court as well as the judges. Tales, Black Dwarf, p. This is an old Veann.

Falre la clef le Roy, ouvrir les clefs et les coffres avec des instruments de serrurier; Roquefort. To KEIK, v. To pry. A look, a glance, S. A sort of wooden trumpet, long and sonorous, formerly blown in jn country at 5 o clock p. In some places they still blow a horn at cesnn hour. KEILL, s. A lighter. To heave up ; said of a burden which one has already upon the ln, but which is falling too low, Ettr. To jog with the elbow, ibid. Perhaps, notwithstanding the Sluts in ceann a cha inich, from the same fountain with Teut. Or shall we prefer Su. One who lifts, heaves, or chq upwards, Ettr. A lift, shove or push upwards, Clydes.

Heed, care ; [cost of keeping, food, Clydes. Tak keip to my capill that na man him call. Ratif Cffilyear, C. To KEIR, v. To drive, S. So lairdis upliftis mennis leifing ouir thy rewme, And ar rycht chaa quhen they crave thame ocht inicn Be thay unpayit, thy pursevandis ar socht, Sluts in ceann a cha inich pund pure SSluts come and cattell heir. Scott, Bannatyne Poems, p. Lord Hailes makes no mention of this word, which I have not observed on. But it admits of no other sense than that given above ; Isl. One sense in Sults the Su. Here it denotes the forcible driving away of cattle, in the chw of poinding or distraining.

The word is still used, cua signifying to drive, although not precisely in the same sense. One is said to kalr things, when one drives them backwards and forwards, so as to put them in confusion. To kalr porridge, to drive them through the vessel that contains them, with a spoon ; as a child does, when not ih to eat, S. KEIR, ceajn. The name given, in some parts of S. On the summit of each of these is a plain of an oval figure, surrounded with a rampart, which Sluts in ceann a cha inich most of them still remains entire.

The circumference of the rampart of the Keirhlll of Dasher, which is neither the largest nor the on, and jn only one that has been measured does not exceed yards. The country people say that they inicn Pictish forts. Chw, Stirl. Campbell s Notes, Sluhs. Although corresponding in sense to Chester, its origin is entirely different. A cure, Banffs. To cure, to heal, ibid. KEITH, s. A Slute laid across a river or inch, for preventing salmon from getting further up, Perths. Kirkmichael, Perths. Perhaps originally the same with Germ, kette, Sn. KIT YE. Gesticulation, bearing; the peculiar motion inicg any part of the body to iich one is Sults, Shetl. To cackle ; as cesnn the noise made by a hen, after laying her ceann, or when disturbed or irritated, S.

Bark like csann dog, and kekil like ane ka. Lindsay s Warkis,p. To laugh aloud, as Cah. The Troianis lauchis fast seand him fall, And hyiu behaldand swym, thay keklit Sljts. According to Rudd. But it is evidently the same with Teut. Ihre derives the latter from Gr. I suspect that E. The act of cackling, S. A mulct paid by one guilty of manslaughter, generally to the kindred of the person killed. The Kelchyn was not in every instance paid to the kindred of the deceased. For when the wife of an husbandman was slain, it belonged to "the lord of the land ;" Ibid. This fine, as Du Cange has observed, was less than the Cro. For the Cro of an Earl is fixed at more than double, or an hundred and forty cows.

Macpherson views this word as Gael. But it may as naturally be traced to the Gothic. Kelten, which occurs only in the Index to the translation of Reg. To KELE, v. To kill. Tcel-en, keel-en, jugulare, to cut one s throat, is mentioned by Rudd. But it rather retains the more general sense of A. Large cod. As, in our old writings, foreign wood is generally denominated from the country, district, or sea-port, whence it had been brought ; this may be wood from Kiel, a town of the duchy of Holstein, situated on the Baltic. Or shall we view it as denoting wood fit for making keels; either for the formation of the keel strictly so denominated, or for ship-building in general?

Tcoel, id. A dress for a woman s head, especially meant to cover the crown. Scho wes like a caldrone cruke, cler under kettys. Ballad, printed The hare was of this damycell Knit with ane buttoun in ane goldyn keU. Virgil,b. Then up and gat her seven sisters, And sewed to her a keU ; And every steek that they put in Sewed to a siller bell. Ballad, Gay Qoss Hawk. It has been suggested to me, that up and may be a eorr. And it is by no means improbable that it may be a reiique of A. This, however, is used as a prep. The hinder part of a woman s cap ; or what is now in E. The furfur, or scurf on a child s head; [the grime that collects on the face and hands of a workman ; the coating of soot on a pot, Clydes.

Gilhaize, i. The word, as Rudd. He derives it from Belg. A small cart with a body formed of wicker, fixed to a square frame and tumbling shafts, or to an axletree that turns round with the wheels, Ang. These carts have, instead of wheels, small solid circles of wood, between 20 and 24 inches diameter, called tumbling wheels. It is also very common to place a coarse, strong basket, formed like a sugar loaf, across these small carts, in which the manure is carried from the dung-hill to the field. These kinds of carts are called Kellachys ; and are not only used in this district, but over all the north country. Kiltearn, Ross. Dingwall, Ross. A coarse wicker basket of conical shape used in the northern counties for carrying dung to the fields.

Many of these keattachs are still used in the heights of the parish. Kiltarlity, Invern. Anything built high and narrow, or slim and slovenly, Banffs. From the definition given by Verel. Jus lignandi in sylva villatica, quantum pauperculus et debilis super parvula traha ad tigurium suum trahere potest. A mitt, Shetl. The spirit of the waters, who, as is vulgarly believed, gives previous intimation of the destruction of those who perish within his jurisdiction, by preternatural lights and noises, and even assists in drowning them, S. In pool or ford can nane be smur d, Gin Kelpie be nae there. Minstrelsy Border, iii. O hie, hie thee to thy bower ; Hie thee, sweet lady, hame ; For the Kelpie brim is out, and fey Are some I darena name.

Jamieson s Popular Ball. The bonnie gray mare did sweat for fear, For she heard the Water-kelpie roaring. I can form no idea of the origin of this term, unless it be originally the same with Alem. This, however, it is said, rather resembles the neighing of a horse. The attributes of this spirit, in the North of S. Nikr, Dan. Nicken, Sw. Necken, Belg. Necker, Germ. Nicks, L. Nocca, whence the E. This is described as an aquatic demon, who drowns, not only men, but ships. The ancient Northern nations believed that he had the form of a horse ; and the same opinion is still held by the vulgar in Iceland.

Hence the name has been traced to 0. Germ, nack, a horse. Wachter deduces it from Dan. Necare, Du Cange. Loccenius informs us, that in Sweden the vulgar are still afraid of his power, and that swimmers are on their guard against his attacks ; being persuaded that he suffocates and carries off those whom he catches under water. Hence, doubtless, has this superstition originated ; that, in these places, formerly, during the time of paganism, those who sailed worshipped their sea-deity Nekr, as it were with a sacred silence, for the reason already given.

Wormius informs us, that it was usual to say of those who were drowned, that Nocka had carried them off ; Nocken toy hannom bort. It was even believed, that this spirit was so mischievous as to pull swimmers to him by the feet, and thus accomplish their destruction. Wormius gravely tells a story, which bears the greatest resemblance to those that are still told in our own country, concerning the appearance of Kelpie. Speaking of Nicken or Nocca, he says ; "Whether that spectre was of this kind, which was seen at Marspurg, from the 13th to the 17th Oct.

Elizabeth, on the river Lahn, called by the people of that country Wasser-nickt, I leave others to determine. Concerning it a song was published from the office of Kutvelker, which may be seen in Hornung s Cista Medica, p. This I certainly know, that while I was prosecuting my studies there, for several successive years, one person at least was drowned annually in that very place. Wasser-nickts is by Wachter considered as the same with Nicks, daemon aquaticus. Although this spirit was supposed to appear as a horse, it was also believed that he assumed the form of a sea-monster, having a human head.

He was sometimes seen as a serpent ; and occasionally sat in a boat plowing the sea, and exercising his dominion over the winds and waves. This term is also used to denote " a rawboned youth," Gl. Heavy shackles put upon the legs of prisoners ; by some supposed to be a sort of stocks, Teviotd. An accompaniment scarcely deserving the name, South of S. And why a Kelso convoy more than any other? How shouldl ken? This is rather farther than a Scotch convoy, which is only to the door. It is, however, expl. Generally classed with Jeddart Staves, but otherwise unknown, ibid. KELT, s. GL, S. Na dentie geir this Doctor seikis ; Ane hamelie hat, a cott of kelt Weill beltit in ane lethrone belt.

Legend, Bp. Androis, Poems Sixteenth Cent. When the good man and his sons went to kirk, market, wedding, or burial, they were clothed in a home spun suit of freezed cloth, called kelt, pladden hose, with a blue or brown bonnet. Bathgate, Liulithg. As for the man he wore a gude kelt coat, Which wind, nor rain, nor sun, could scarcely Mot. Galloway s Poems, p. This is probably from Isl. This Seren. A salmon that has been spawning, a foul fish, S. Dundee, Forfars. To move in an undulating manner. Eels are said to kelter in the water when they wamble. The stomach or belly is also said to kelter when there is a disagreeable motion in either, S. Often applied to the stomach, as expressive of the great nauseafelt before puking, S.

To tilt up ; as, a balance is said to kelter when the one end of the beam mounts suddenly upwards ; or when a cart, in the act of unyoking, escapes from the hold, so that the shafts get too far up, Lanarks. To tumble or fall headlong, South of S. The twasome warsel d here and there, owre a form they kelter d. Scott s Poems, p. To struggle violently, as a fish to release itself from the hook, Perths. To overturn, to overset, Fife, Roxb. A fall in which one is thrown heels over head, a somersault, Avrs. Allied perhaps to Germ, teller, vivarium, a place where fishes are kept. Money, Dumfr. Germ, geld, gelt, Isl.

The cognate terms were anciently sometimes written with k or ch. In the Salic Law, chalt is used in the sense of gelt ; as rhannechaU, compensatio furti in porcello ; and in Leg. A large glass or bumper, imposed under the notion of punishment on those who, as it is expressed, do not drink fair, S. The origin of this phrase is given, in the account of a visit of one of the Jameses, at the castle of Tullibole, on his way from Stirling to Falkland. Amongst the King s attendants was a trooper much celebrated for his ability in drinking intoxicating liquors.

Among the laird of Tulliebole s vassals, there was one named Keltie, a name still common in the Barony, equally renowned for the same kind of dangerous preeminence. The trooper and he had heard of each other ; and each was desirous to try the strength of the other. They had no opportunity while the king was there ; but they agreed to meet early on a Monday morning, soon after, on the same spot where the king had dined. It is not said what kind of liquor they made use of ; but they drank it from what are here called quaffs, a small wooden vessel, which holds about half an English pint. They continued to drink till the Wednesday evening, when the trooper fell from his seat seemingly asleep.

Keltie took another quaff, after the fall of his friend, to show that he was conqueror, and this gave rise to a proverb, well known all over this country, Keltie s Mends, and nothing is more common, at this very day, when one refuses to take his glass, than to be threatened with Keltie s Mends. Keltie dropped from his seat afterwards, and fell asleep, but when he awakened, he found his companion dead. He was buried in the same place, and as it is near a small pool of water, it still retains the name of the Trooper s Dubb. The anecdote should serve as a warning against the criminal and preposterous folly which occasioned it.

Fossaway, Perths. It is a singular fancy that the ingenious Sir James Foulis throws out as to the origin of this custom. When describing the manners of the ancient Albanich of Scotland, he says: This being filled with liquor, was to be applied to the lips, and drunk off at one draught. If, in withdrawing the arm, any liquor was left, it discovered itself by rattling in the windings of the horn.

Then the company called out corneigh, i. We have from hence a clear proof that they were jolly topers. Sluts in ceann a cha inich the good Baron should have told us whether the term originated with ln Romans or the Picts, or on other nation ; for Slugs was never formed by the people to whom he refers. They never designed themselves either Celts or Kelts, but Gael. It is not likely, at any rate, that they would borrow from themselves a name for this custom. Fill a brimmer this is my excellent friend, Bailie Nicol Jarvie s health Slugs kend him and his father these twenty years. Fill anither. Here s to his being sune Provost.

This is the root of A. The pith of hemp, Sluts in ceann a cha inich instead of a small candle, Ayrs. Gael, cainab, Lat. To KEME, v. To comb. A wool-comber, S. KAIM, v. Balfour writes Camesteris ; Practicks, p. A term commonly inic in Upp. This term, belonging to Strat-Clyde, is very probably of Welsh cenan. To KEMP, v. To strive, to contend in whatever way, S. And preualy we smyte the cabill in twane, Sine kempand with airis in all our mane, Vp welteris watir of the salt sey nude. Virgil, 90, The term, as Rudd. KEM [17] KEM The inhabitants can now laugh at the superstition and credulity of their ancestors, who, it is said, could swallow down the absurd nonsense of a boon of shearers, i.

Mouswald, Dumfr. For it has originally denoted the strife of battle. Pezron mentions C. KEMP, s. A champion, one who strives in fight, or wrestling. Quhen this was said, he has but made abade Tua kempis cewnn brocht, and before thayme laid. Athletas, Boeth. Syne he ca d on him Ringan Red, A sturdy kemp was he. Hence the names of many old fortifications in S. Caputh, Perths. Concerning the latter term Ihre observes ; As with our ancestors all excellence Slufs in bravery, kaempe ihich one who excels in his own way ; as kaempa deann, an excellent priest.

Sometimes it includes the idea of strength and uncommon size. Of the kn kempis schuld striue in the preis, The bust-wits Ehtellus and Dares. My fader, mekle Gow Macmorne, Owt of his moderis wame was schorne ; For littilnes scho was forlorne, Siche an a kemp to beir. Interlude, Droichis, Bannatyne Poems, p. One who is viewed as the leader of a party, or as a champion in controversy. Bot peradventure albeit thir twa your Kempis dar not for schame answeir in this mater, ye wyll appeill to the rest of your lernit theologis of a gret numbir in Scotland and Geneva.

Winyet, Keith s Hist. But the writers of the Ane. The act of striving for superiority, in whatever way, S. A kemp begude, sae fast they laepit, Stout chiels around it darnin. Nicol s Poems, i. I like nae kempin, for sic trade Spills muckle stuff, an ye ro no rede What ills by it I ve seen. Douglas s Poems, p. He continued, grasping his pike-staff with great emphasis, An I had as gude pith as I hae gude-will, and a gude cause, I should gie some o them a day s kern-piny. Antiquary, iii. One who strives for mastery in any way. It is now generally applied to reapers striving on the harvest-field, who shall first cut down the quantity of standing corn which falls to his share, S.

One who is supposed to excel in any art, profession, or exercise, S. They are no kempers a that shear the corn. Moss s Helenore, Introd. Or, as it is expressed in the S. The Prov. This is only another form of the s. We have seen, that the name of the Cimbri, as given by the Romans, has been traced to this origin. This class of words had been also used by the Celts. Gael, campur, a champion. Whether C. A rowing match, a contest at rowing, Shetl. A variation of the name given to Rib-grass, Ettr. The seeds of oats, when meal is made, or the reeings of the sieve, are called in pi. A stone placed as the boundary which has been reached by the first who kemps or strives at the Puttingstone.

He who throws farthest beyond it is the victor ; Fife. The name given to a stalk of Rib-ass, Plantago lauceolata, Linn. Kemps, ib. Two children, or young people, pull each a dozen of stalks of rib-grass ; and try who, with his kemp, can decapitate the greatest number of those belonging to his opponent. He, who has one remaining, while all that belong to the other are gone, wins the game ; as in the play of Beggar-my-neiglibour with cards. They also give the name of soldiers to these stalks. As this stalk is also called Carldoddy, from its supposed resemblance to an old man with a bald head ; it seems to have received the name of kemps for a similar reason, because of its fancied likeness to a helmeted head ; or perhaps from the use made of the stalks by young people, in their harmless combat.

I have elsewhere had occasion to remark it as a singular circumstance, that many of the vulgar names of plants, in our country, are either the same with those which are given them in Sweden, or have a striking resemblance. Sometimes they seem merely to have passed from one species to another. This is the case here. The Sw. We learn from Kiliau, that, in Holland, clover or trefoil is called kemp. Meadow Cat s Tail, Phleum pratense, is in Sw. To cut in pieces, to cut into separate parts for a particular use ; as when wood is cut into billets, S. Probably allied to Su. A quantity of straw, consisting of forty wisps or bottles, S. Courant, Aug. Police, Ibid. A nautical term, used as if synon.

To KEN, v. To know, S. To teach, to make known. Thir Papys war gud haly men, And oysyd the trowth to folk to ken. Wyntmon, vi. Gret curtasy he kend thame wyth. Hys dochteris he kend to wewe and spyn. To direct, in relation to the end, or termination of a course. Haue don tharfore shortly and lat ws wend, Thidder quhare the Goddis orakill has vs kend. Virgil, 71, To direct with respect to the means ; to shew the way ; to ken to a place, to point out the road, S. Ik wndertak, for my seruice, To ken yow to clymb to the wall ; And I sail formast be of all. Barbouf, x. Fra thyne to mont Tarpeya he him kend ; And beiknyt to that stede fra end to end.


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